Thursday, 9 February 2012

The ATP Molecule

Muscle tissues do not straight use sugar but an power compound known as ATP (Adenosine triphosphate). This compound is the power resource of all tissues.

During a work out, ATP needs are very great. Our bodies will then synthesize ATP substances using three power techniques.


An ATP compound is consisting of adenine, ribose and 3 phosphate categories. When muscle tissue need power to agreement, one phosphate team is separated from an ATP molecule: this detachment produces 10 calorie consumption. This power is then used for muscle shrinkage, enabling you to accomplish your first reps.

For this power procedure The ATP compound is transformed to ADP (Adenosine diphosphate) because it contains only two phosphate categories. If another phosphate team is separated, we acquire an AMP compound (Adenosine monophosphate, 1 phosphate group). At relax, the body system can re-synthesize ATP using the phosphate saved in muscle materials and linking it to AMP / ADP substances.

The three power systems

1. The anaerobic, or use of phosphocreatine:

During muscular attempt, the anaerobic program is the first to be mobilized to reproduce ATP and requires 10 to 15 a few moments. The most crucial is simple: an compound comes in and eliminates one phosphate team from a phosphocreatine to recover it in an ADP or AMP compound, developing ATP substances. As its name indicates, the anaerobic program does not need fresh air to generate ATP, which describes why your breathing is not suffering from the first reps. The more muscle is designed, the more time the anaerobic stage will last.

2. Glycogen breakdown:

After 15 a few moments of muscular attempt, the anaerobic program becomes less effective. A second procedure begins up: the deterioration of glycogen supplies for developing ATP. This power program can generate ATP for 2 moments. Its drawback is that it liberates the lactic acidity during the transformation of sugar to ATP. Aspect of this acidity is then gathered in muscle, resulting in muscle exhaustion and pain.

3. Mobile respiration:

When muscular attempt surpasses 2 moments, cellular breathing requires over to synthesize ATP substances. Although this procedure is less effective than the first ones, it is endless in some time to allows very long-term initiatives (marathon for example). Mobile breathing is determined by the mobilization of carbohydrate food and fats (and if necessary proteins). After 10 moments of muscular attempt, this procedure provides 90% of the required ATP.

Accelerating the of power.

Only the first power program (anaerobic) can be enhanced through a particular nourishment. To improve the length of this stage, it is necessary to improve its ribose consumption and especially creatine monohydrate. Ribose supplements connections up the renovation of ATP after work out, while creatine monohydrate supplements provides extra phosphate categories to re-synthesize ATP from ADP substances. A higher consumption of these two nutritional value increases the length of muscular attempt and muscle restoration between places.

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